Johnson Space Center
Return to Johnson Space Center home page Return to Johnson Space Center home page
Earth from Space

Istanbul, Turkey

IMAGE:  Istanbul, Turkey

High-resolution image (460 Kb)

This metropolis of 15 million people occupies both sides of the entrance to the narrow, 32-kilometer (20-mile) long Bosporus Strait connecting the Mediterranean and Sea of Marmara to the south and the Black Sea to the north. From its founding as Byzantium by the Greeks in 600 B.C., this strategically located city has been a focus of maritime trade and commerce as well as an outpost and threshold for cultural exchange and conflict between Europe and Asia. The modern city's layout and architecture show the influences of both the Roman-Byzantine era when it became Constantinople, the world's first Christian capital, as well as that of the conquering Ottoman Turks, from 1453, when it became the seat of the world's largest Muslim empire. Today, Istanbul is Turkey's economic capital and home to nearly half the country's wealth.

This digital camera image was taken by the Expedition 8 Crew onboard the International Space Station. When this image was taken, strong currents carried turbid coastal waters from the Black Sea through the Bosporus Strait and into the Sea of Marmara. The rugged uplands to the north of the city are forested and contain vital reservoirs. Ataturk Airport is southwest of the city near the bottom of the image. The picturesque Prince Islands are in the Sea of Marmara, and the sinuous waterway and harbor are on the western shore known as the Golden Horn.

Astronaut photograph ISS008-E-21752 was provided by the Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory at Johnson Space Center. The International Space Station Program supports the laboratory to help astronauts take pictures of Earth that will be of the greatest value to scientists and the public, and to make those images freely available on the Internet. Additional images taken by astronauts and cosmonauts can be viewed at the NASA/JSC Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth.

Go to NASA homeGo to JSC home

Curator: Kim Dismukes
Responsible NASA Official: John Ira Petty

Web Accessibility and Policy Notices
Updated: 05/28/2004