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Astronaut Biographies
ASTRONAUT BIOS MAIN
ASTRONAUTS
MANAGEMENT ASTRONAUTS
ASTRONAUT CANDIDATES
FORMER ASTRONAUTS
INTERNATIONAL ASTRONAUTS
COSMONAUTS
ASTRONAUT INFORMATION
Former Astronaut Biographies Astronaut Journals
Biographical Data

Former astronauts are those who have left NASA, including those who are deceased.

Astronaut Selection
Year
Group Status
Acton, Loren W. * - Former
Adamson, James C. 1984 10 Former
Akers, Thomas D. 1987 12 Former
Aldrin, Buzz 1963 3 Former
Allen, Andrew M. 1987 12 Former
Allen, Joseph P. 1967 6 Former
Altman, Scott D. 1995 15 Former
Anders, William A. 1963 3 Former
Anderson, Clayton C. 1998 17 Former
Anderson, Michael P. 1995 15 Deceased
Apt, Jerome 1985 11 Former
Archambault, Lee J. 1998 17 Former
Armstrong, Neil A. 1962 2 Deceased
Ashby, Jeffrey S. 1995 15 Former
Bagian, James P. 1980 9 Former
Baker, Ellen S. 1984 10 Former
Barry, Daniel T. 1992 14 Former
Bartoe, John-David F. * - Former
Bassett, Charles A., II 1963 3 Deceased
Bean, Alan L. 1963 3 Former
Blaha, John E. 1980 9 Former
Bloomfield, Michael J. 1995 15 Former
Bluford, Guion S., Jr. 1978 8 Former
Bobko, Karol J. 1969 7 Former
Borman, Frank 1962 2 Former
Bowersox, Kenneth D. 1987 12 Former
Brady, Charles E., Jr. 1992 14 Deceased
Brand, Vance D. 1966 5 Former
Brandenstein, Daniel C. 1978 8 Former
Bridges, Roy D., Jr. 1980 9 Former
Brown, Curtis L., Jr. 1987 12 Former
Brown, David M. 1996 16 Deceased
Brown, Mark N. 1984 10 Former
Buchli, James F. 1978 8 Former
Buckey, Jay Clark * - Former
Bull, John S. 1966 5 Deceased
Bursch, Daniel W. 1990 13 Former
Caldeiro, Fernando (Frank) 1996 16 Deceased
Cameron, Kenneth D. 1984 10 Former
Carey, Duane G. 1996 16 Former
Carpenter, M. Scott 1959 1 Deceased
Carr, Gerald P. 1966 5 Former
Carter, Manley Lanier, Jr. 1984 10 Deceased
Cenker, Robert J. * - Former
Cernan, Eugene A. 1963 3 Former
Chaffee, Roger B. 1963 3 Deceased
Chamitoff, Gregory E. 1998 17 Former
Chang-Díaz, Franklin R. 1980 9 Former
Chapman, Philip K. 1967 6 Former
Chawla, Kalpana 1995 15 Deceased
Chiao, Leroy 1990 13 Former
Chilton, Kevin P. 1987 12 Former
Clark, Laurel B. 1996 16 Deceased
Cleave, Mary L. 1980 9 Former
Clifford, Michael R. 1990 13 Former
Coats, Michael L. 1978 8 Former
Collins, Eileen M. 1990 13 Former
Collins, Michael 1963 3 Former
Conrad, Charles, Jr. 1962 2 Deceased
Cooper, L. Gordon, Jr. 1959 1 Deceased
Covey, Richard O. 1978 8 Former
Creighton, John O. 1978 8 Former
Crippen, Robert L. 1969 7 Former
Crouch, Roger K. * - Former
Culbertson, Frank L., Jr. 1984 10 Former
Cunningham, Walter 1963 3 Former
Curbeam, Robert L., Jr. 1995 15 Former
Davis, N. Jan 1987 12 Former
Delucas, Lawrence J. * - Former
Duffy, Brian 1985 11 Former
Duke, Charles M., Jr. 1966 5 Former
Dunbar, Bonnie J. 1980 9 Former
Durrance, Samuel T. * - Former
Dutton, James P., Jr. 2004 19 Former
Edwards, Joe F., Jr. 1995 15 Former
Eisele, Donn F. 1963 3 Deceased
England, Anthony W. 1967 6 Former
Engle, Joe H. 1966 5 Former
Evans, Ronald E. 1966 5 Deceased
Fabian, John M. 1978 8 Former
Ferguson, Christopher J. 1998 17 Former
Fettman, Martin J. * - Former
Fisher, William F. 1980 9 Former
Foale, C. Michael 1987 12 Former
Freeman, Theodore C. 1963 3 Deceased
Fullerton, Charles G. 1969 7 Deceased
Gaffney, F. Drew * - Former
Garan, Ronald J., Jr. 2000 18 Former
Gardner, Dale A. 1978 8 Deceased
Gardner, Guy S. 1980 9 Former
Garn, Jake * - Former
Garriott, Owen K. 1965 4 Former
Gemar, Charles D. 1985 11 Former
Gibson, Edward G. 1965 4 Former
Gibson, Robert L. 1978 8 Former
Givens, Edward G., Jr. 1966 5 Deceased
Glenn, John H., Jr. 1959 1 Former
Godwin, Linda M. 1985 11 Former
Gordon, Richard F., Jr. 1963 3 Former
Gorie, Dominic L. 1995 15 Former
Grabe, Ronald J. 1980 9 Former
Graveline, Duane E. 1965 4 Former
Gregory, Frederick D. 1978 8 Former
Gregory, William G. 1990 13 Former
Griggs, S. David 1978 8 Deceased
Grissom, Virgil I. 1959 1 Deceased
Gutierrez, Sidney M. 1984 10 Former
Haise, Fred W., Jr. 1966 5 Former
Halsell, James D., Jr. 1990 13 Former
Ham, Kenneth T. 1998 17 Former
Hammond, L. Blaine, Jr. 1984 10 Former
Harbaugh, Gregory J. 1987 12 Former
Harris, Bernard A., Jr. 1990 13 Former
Hart, Terry J. 1978 8 Former
Hartsfield, Henry W., Jr. 1969 7 Deceased
Hauck, Frederick H. 1978 8 Former
Hawley, Steven A. 1978 8 Former
Helms, Susan J. 1990 13 Former
Henize, Karl G. 1967 6 Deceased
Hennen, Thomas J. * - Former
Henricks, Terence T. 1985 11 Former
Hernández, José M. 2004 19 Former
Herrington, John B. 1996 16 Former
Hieb, Richard J. 1985 11 Former
Higginbotham, Joan E. 1996 16 Former
Hilmers, David C. 1980 9 Former
Hobaugh, Charles O. 1996 16 Former
Hoffman, Jeffrey A. 1978 8 Former
Holmquest, Donald L. 1967 6 Former
Horowitz, Scott J. 1992 14 Former
Hughes-Fulford, Millie * - Former
Husband, Rick D. 1995 15 Deceased
Irwin, James B. 1966 5 Deceased
Ivins, Marsha, S. 1984 10 Former
Jarvis, Gregory * - Deceased
Jemison, Mae C. 1987 12 Former
Jett, Brent W. 1992 14 Former
Jernigan, Tamara E. 1985 11 Former
Johnson, Gregory H. 1998 17 Former
Jones, Thomas D. 1990 13 Former
Kelly, Mark E. 1996 16 Former
Kerwin, Joseph P. 1965 4 Former
Kilrain, Susan L. 1995 15 Former
Kregel Kevin R. 1992 14 Former
Lawrence, Wendy B. 1992 14 Former
Lee, Mark C. 1984 10 Former
Leestma, David C. 1980 9 Former
Lenoir, William B. 1967 6 Deceased
Leslie, Fred W. * - Former
Lichtenberg, Byron K. * - Former
Lind, Don L. 1966 5 Former
Lindsey, Steven W. 1995 15 Former
Linenger, Jerry M. 1992 14 Former
Linteris, Gregory T. * - Former
Llewellyn, John A. 1967 6 Former
Lockhart, Paul S. 1996 16 Former
Lopez-Alegria, Michael E. 1992 14 Former
Loria, Christopher J. 1996 16 Former
Lounge, John M. 1980 9 Deceased
Lousma, Jack R. 1966 5 Former
Lovell, James A., Jr. 1962 2 Former
Low, G. David 1984 10 Deceased
Lu, Edward T. 1995 15 Former
Lucid, Shannon W. 1978 8 Former
Magnus, Sandra H. 1996 16 Former
Massimino, Michael J. 1996 16 Former
Mattingly, Thomas K., II 1966 5 Former
McBride, Jon A. 1978 8 Former
McCandless, Bruce, II 1966 5 Former
McAuliffe, S. Christa * - Deceased
McCool, William C. 1996 16 Deceased
McCulley, Michael J. 1984 10 Former
McDivitt, James A. 1962 2 Former
McMonagle, Donald R. 1987 12 Former
McNair, Ronald E. 1978 8 Deceased
Meade, Carl J. 1985 11 Former
Melnick, Bruce E. 1987 12 Former
Melroy, Pamela, A. 1995 15 Former
Melvin, Leland D. 1998 17 Former
Metcalf-Lindenburger, Dorothy M. 2004 19 Former
Michel, F. Curtis 1965 4 Former
Mitchell, Edgar D. 1966 5 Former
Morgan, Barbara R. 1998 17 Former
Mullane, Richard M. 1978 8 Former
Musgrave, Story 1967 6 Former
Nagel, Steven R. 1978 8 Deceased
Nelson, C. W. * - Former
Nelson, George D. 1978 8 Former
Newman, James H. 1990 13 Former
Noriega, Carlos I. 1995 15 Former
Nowak, Lisa M. 1996 16 Former
O'Connor, Bryan D. 1980 9 Former
Oefelein, William A. 1998 17 Former
O'Leary, Brian T. 1967 6 Deceased
Olivas, John D. 1998 17 Former
Onizuka, Ellison S. 1978 8 Deceased
Oswald, Stephen S. 1985 11 Former
Overmyer, Robert F. 1969 7 Deceased
Pailes, William A. * - Former
Parazynski, Scott E. 1992 14 Former
Parise, Ronald A. * - Deceased
Parker, Robert A. R. 1967 6 Former
Patrick, Nicholas J. M. 1998 17 Former
Pawelczyk, James A. * - Former
Payton, Gary E. * - Former
Peterson, Donald H. 1969 7 Former
Phillips, John L. 1996 16 Former
Pogue, William R. 1966 5 Deceased
Poindexter, Alan G. 1998 17 Deceased
Polansky, Mark L. 1996 16 Former
Precourt, Charles J. 1990 13 Former
Readdy, William F. 1987 12 Former
Reightler, Kenneth S., Jr. 1987 12 Former
Reilly, James F. 1995 15 Former
Reisman, Garrett E. 1998 17 Former
Resnik, Judith A. 1978 8 Deceased
Richards, Richard N. 1980 9 Former
Ride, Sally K. 1978 8 Deceased
Robertson, Patricia C. Hilliard 1998 17 Deceased
Robinson, Stephen K. 1995 15 Former
Rominger, Kent V. 1992 14 Former
Roosa, Stuart A. 1966 5 Deceased
Ross, Jerry L. 1980 9 Former
Sacco, Jr., Albert * - Former
Satcher, Robert L., Jr. 2004 19 Former
Schirra, Walter M., Jr. 1959 1 Deceased
Schmitt, Harrison H. 1965 4 Former
Schweickart, Russell L. 1963 3 Former
Scobee, Francis R. 1978 8 Deceased
Scott, David R. 1963 3 Former
Scott, Winston E. 1992 14 Former
Scully-Power, Paul D. * - Former
Searfoss, Richard A. 1990 13 Former
Seddon, Margaret Rhea 1978 8 Former
See, Elliot M., Jr. 1962 2 Deceased
Sega, Ronald M. 1990 13 Former
Shaw, Brewster H., Jr. 1978 8 Former
Shepard, Alan B., Jr. 1959 1 Deceased
Shepherd, William M. 1984 10 Former
Shriver, Loren J. 1978 8 Former
Slayton, Donald K. 1959 1 Deceased
Smith, Michael J. 1980 9 Deceased
Spring, Sherwood C. 1980 9 Former
Springer, Robert C. 1980 9 Former
Stafford, Thomas P. 1962 2 Former
Stefanyshyn-Piper, Heidemarie M. 1996 16 Former
Stewart, Robert L. 1978 8 Former
Sturckow, Frederick W. 1995 15 Former
Sullivan, Kathryn D. 1978 8 Former
Swigert, John L., Jr. 1966 5 Deceased
Tani, Daniel M. 1996 16 Former
Tanner, Joseph R. 1992 14 Former
Thagard, Norman E. 1978 8 Former
Thomas, Andrew S. W. 1992 14 Former
Thomas, Donald A. 1990 13 Former
Thorne, Stephen D. 1985 11 Deceased
Thornton, Kathryn C. 1984 10 Former
Thornton, William E. 1967 6 Former
Thuot, Pierre J. 1985 11 Former
Trinh, Eugene H. * - Former
Truly, Richard H. 1969 7 Former
Van Den Berg, Lodewijk * - Former
van Hoften, James D. A. 1978 8 Former
Veach, Charles Lacy 1984 10 Deceased
Voss, James S. 1987 12 Former
Voss, Janice E. 1990 13 Deceased
Walker, Charles D. * - Former
Walker, David M. 1978 8 Deceased
Walz, Carl E. 1990 13 Former
Wang, Taylor * - Former
Weber, Mary E. 1992 14 Former
Weitz, Paul J. 1966 5 Former
Wetherbee, James D. 1984 10 Former
White, Edward H., II 1962 2 Deceased
Williams, Clifton C., Jr. 1963 3 Deceased
Williams, Donald E. 1978 8 Former
Wisoff, Peter J. K. 1990 13 Former
Wolf, David A. 1990 13 Former
Woodward III, Neil W. 1998 17 Former
Worden, Alfred M. 1966 5 Former
Young, John W. 1962 2 Former
Zamka, George D. 1998 17 Former

* A special category of astronauts typically titled payload specialist refers to individuals selected and trained by commercial or research organizations for flights of a specific payload on a space flight mission.


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